Textile Resources

What are the properties of linen?

< All Topics

Let us now discuss the properties of linen.

Microscopic Properties:
• Longitudinal Section (L.S.): The flax fibers has an irregular width and has no convolutions as seen in cotton but crosswise marks corresponding to nodes are visible along the length of the fibers.
• Cross Section (C.S.): The flax fibers are polygonal with rounded edges. The central canal (lumen) is visible inside a thick outer wall.

Physical Properties:
• Length: The flax fibers length falls in the range of 5-12 inches and is much longer than cotton.
• Diameter: The flax fibers are not much fine as compared to cotton and diameter ranges from 12-16 micrometer.
• Colour: The colour varies from grey, brown, ivory and yellow.
• Lustre: The lustre of flax is quite high as the incident light that falls on the fibers reflects evenly.
• Tenacity: The tensile strength of flax fibers is 5.5-6.5g/d and has 20% more strength when wet which makes the fabric more durable.
• Elongation, elastic recovery and resiliency: The flax fiber has low elongation and elasticity. Elongation at the break for flax fiber is about 1.8 % when dry and 2.2% in wet. The linen fabric also has low resistance to creases and folds.
• Moisture regain: The flax fiber has a moisture regain of 20% and this property of flax makes linen a comfortable fabric to wear.

Chemical Properties:
• Acids: The flax fabric gets damaged by concentrated acids but can withstand the action of dilute acids.
• Alkalis: The alkalis have no effect on the flax fabric and detergents with high alkali content can be used for washing.
• Organic Solvents: Flax is highly resistant to organic solvent and can be easily dry cleaned.

Other Properties:
• The linen fabric has the property to quickly absorb moisture from body perspiration and thus provides coolness and comfort in humid conditions.
• Linen is flammable fiber that ignites quickly and the safe ironing temperature for linen is about 260. i.e. higher than cotton.
• The flax fibers are cellulosic in nature and thus get attacked by silverfish. Linen when dry has resistance to mildew but damage may be caused in humid conditions.
• The strength of flax fabric is affected by exposure to sunlight.

Previous How is linen made?
Next What is the chemical composition of linen?

Recent Articles

WeCreativez WhatsApp Support
Our support team is here to answer your questions via WhatsApp. Ask us anything!
👋 Hello