What are the other types of cotton available?
Some other available types of cotton are as follows:
• Naturally coloured cotton: Coloured cotton exists in nature itself due to the presence of pigments in the lumen of the fibers. The fibers have an inherent colour i.e. green or brown. The colour that is present in the lint is due to the following reasons: 1. Soil type 2. Water hardness 3. Exposure to sunlight. Now let’s discuss some advantages and disadvantages of naturally coloured cotton. Advantages: 1. Cost-cutting since steps such as bleaching and dyeing 2. Medical benefits and Disadvantages: 1. Less availability 2. Decreased tensile strength 3. Lowered length.
• Organic cotton: Cotton that is grown following all the procedures that are sustainable, organic and have a low environmental impact for at least a period of three years is referred to as organic cotton while transition cotton is the term used when the safe procedure for growing cotton is being followed for less than three years. Thus, organic cotton cultivation does not involve the use of toxic chemicals and harmful pesticides.
• Bt. Cotton: Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt.) cotton is a genetically modified cotton which has an excellent yield and remains unaffected by ball worms. However, it has certain disadvantages such as it affects the natural gene flow and depletes biodiversity.