The Transpacific Trade Partnership (TTP) is a natural threat for the Indian textile industry as exporters from TPP member countries (of which India is not a member) tend to get preferential access to the US market, but textile industry of India can still touch the export target of $300 billion by 2025 with focused trade policy supply and by moving up the value chain, according to the secretary of Indian Texpreneurs Federation (ITF) D Prabhu.
TPP may not take away the countryâ€™s textile and clothing business completely. However, to achieve the export target, India should press for reduction of Chinese import and the RCEP (Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership). Although, Indian textile industry have been registering a slide on the export front.
Explaining the implication of TPP, he said that Yarn forward rule (YFR) makes it mandatory to source yarn, fabrics and other inputs from TPP member countries, basically to avail duty preference.
The option before Indian businesses therefore would be to consider relocating to Vietnam (a TPP partner and among the 12 countries including the US, Australia, Peru, Malaysia, New Zealand, Chile, Singapore, Canada, Mexico, Brunei Darussalam and Japan) to avail TPP duty advantage, but this proposition may not be feasible considering that labour is highly expensive in Vietnam compared to India.
To tide over the situation, India should seek improved export market access from China under RCEP, at alternative export markets in emerging regions of Africa, South Asia, CIS and Latin America, Prabhu said.
The country will need to address the issue of inverted duties (that is a situation of higher duties on fibre and lower duties on apparel), push aggressively for inclusion of textile and apparel items under India-Mercosur PTA, expedite FTA with Russian Customs Unions (it can be a big market in the coming years), make it mandatory for all least developed countries to use fabrics made in India if they want to export their apparels to India duty free and request the US to include apparel items in its GSP programme, the ITF secretary added.
The US apparel imports account for roughly $82 billion, but Indiaâ€™s supplies is just about $3.7 billion (â‚¹25,000 crore approx). Indiaâ€™s apparel exports to the US have been sliding since 2010-11. If duty turns disadvantageous for the countryâ€™s apparel exports, then this share could further fall.
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