Imposition of provisional anti-dumping duty likely on purified terephthalic acid (PTA) originating in or exported to India from China, South Korea, Thailand and the European Union. The duty will be ranging from $19.05-$117.09 per MT. Acting on an application by the Japanese company Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation (MCC) PTA India and Reliance Industries (RIL), the Directorate General of Anti-Dumping and Allied Duties (DGAD), re-designated as Directorate General of Trade Remedies, in a June 19 notification said pending completion of its probe; it recommends imposition of provisional anti-dumping duty on PTA. The Haldia-based PTA plant of MCC’s India affiliate in West Bengal is among the largest foreign direct investments in India with investments of over $500 million (around Rs 3,400 crore). Tokyo had been demanding the imposition of anti-dumping duty to protect MCC’s interests by preventing “artificially cheap/unfairly low-priced” imports of PTA from the above countries. The duty is meant to offset such ‘dumping’ and the consequent ‘injury’ to domestic PTA producers, including MCC PTA India and RIL. According to the provisional finding of DGAD, PTA was exported to India from these countries below its normal value, resulting in dumping. Due to such dumping, the domestic industry suffered material injury. The PTA prices in India were suppressed due to ‘dumped’ imports, as the domestic industry was not able to increase its prices in proportion to increase in costs. The industrial users of PTA had petitioned the commerce ministry against the dumping duty, stated the PTA imports were already taxed at 5% despite a domestic shortage. An anti-dumping duty in addition to the import duty would raise the import tariff to a higher level and would be “disastrous” for the industrial users, which are already struggling to pass on the rising costs to downstream consumers. However, the PTA users, including Indo Rama Synthetics, Filatex India, JBF Industries and Shubhalakshmi Polyesters, argue that the high cost of this key input could further undermine India’s export competitiveness in synthetic textiles that form major chunk of the global textile and clothing market. PTA is a primary raw material used to make polyester chips, which has many applications in textiles, consumer goods, packaging, furnishings, coatings and resins.
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