India's synthetic yarn industry suffers due to rising crude oil price

YarnsandFibers News Bureau 2018-06-01 10:23:00 – Ahmedabad

Narain Aggarwal, chairman, The Synthetic & Rayon Textiles Export Promotion Council said that, synthetic yarn export has grown in 2017-18, by about five per cent. However, say observers, this is only due to a rise in global demand while China cut production. "The industry as such has not done anything substantial to see export grow. We are globally uncompetitive in terms of prices, compared to China, Korea, Thailand, Taiwan, Indonesia and Malaysia.” He added that as the share of domestic sales in synthetic yarn is substantially more than export, the industry has much less of the benefit from a falling rupee. The impact is even more in the textile hub of Surat, where capacity utilisation has fallen below 60 per cent.

Jayesh Pathak of the Bombay Yarn Merchants' Association says that, as for PTA and MEG, they are the key raw material for synthetic yarn, especially polyester. Other reasons for the price rise of yarn are, apart from the inflation in crude oil and the depreciation in rupee's value and reduction in cutback in Chinese production." He notes that the industry has become entirely global and prices are based on international market comparison," also saying that it is also a period of slacker demand.

"PTA/ MEG and benzene are crude oil derivatives and have seen a price rise of 25-30 per cent and 30-35 per cent (respectively) in six months. Demand has also been poor. Be it spinning, weaving or even finished products, the synthetic yarn value chain is unable to forward the price rise to buyers," he adds.

Imports are turning unviable and have slowed; also, the market has turned volatile, Janak Ladhani, managing director of Sonkamal Enterprise, a big player in acetone and phenols.

Along with the rupee fall rise in prices of petrochemical raw materials such as purified terephthalic acid (PTA) and mono-ethylene glycol (MEG) has made synthetic yarn costlier by 10-15 per cent.

Increase in crude oil prices have led to a great rise in its derivative petrochemicals, polymers, plastic-making raw material and feedstock like Naphtha.

The price increase in the international market for all petrochemicals, solvents and polymers has been sharp since April. Most petrochemicals have seen a price rise of 4-18 per cent; so have polymers, the raw material for plastic goods from April. Their import into India has been costlier still to the extent of the rupee's depreciation.

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