The production of cotton in the country is expected to be around 345 lakh bales during 2016-17 due to improvement in productivity expected on account of better weather conditions across all cotton growing regions of the country compared to 338 lakh bales produced in 2015-16 crop year, said former CAI President Dhiren Sheth at the association's annual general meeting (AGM) held in Mumbai.
The production of cotton in the country which had reached a record high of over four crore bales during the 2013-14 crop year dropped to about 386 lakh bales in 2014-15. The production declined further during the 2015-16 crop year to around 338 lakh bales, the lowest during the last five years.
This drastic reduction in the crop during 2015-16 was mainly due to the white-fly attack especially in the northern region.
Productivity of cotton continues to remain well below the world average productivity mark. However, looking at the initiatives taken by the Centre and continued research by scientists, one can hope that India would soon achieve the world average productivity mark.
Cotton prices also sought lower levels almost during the entire 2015-16 cotton season, resulting in lower realisation of prices by farmers for their produce. This has led to a reduction of over 10 per cent in the acreage under cotton during 2016-17, Sheth said.
As per the latest estimates of the Directorate of Cotton Development (DOCD), the acreage under cotton is expected to go down to about 105 lakh hectare during 2016-17 from 118.77 lakh hectares during 2015-16.
The world-over, trading of cotton is done on the basis of quality parameters. In order to be in sync with this trading norm and looking to its crop size, India requires a huge boost in infrastructure.
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