After raising tariffs on import from the US, China has contracted to import 500,000 bales (one bale = 170 kg) of cotton from India and the new orders are in addition to the regular ones. Against its consumption of 45 mn bales China produces nearly 32 million bales of cotton annually. India exported nearly a million bales to China last year. As a result, our overall cotton export is likely to rise 21 per cent to seven million bales for the cotton year ending this September, from 5.8 mn bales the previous year.
The price of the benchmark Shankar-6 variety of cotton has risen by 6.5 per cent in June so far, to Rs 13,160 a quintal from Rs 12,373 a qtl. The price has increased 12 per cent, in the course of a month.
The benchmark 40-count of cotton yarn was trading at Rs 240 a kg, up from Rs 215-218 earlier this month, as of Tuesday. The rupee has fallen by nearly five per cent, during the past few months. The rupee depreciated by nearly one per cent to below 68 a dollar during this period, from Rs 67.41 earlier this month.
There has been an increase in orders for Indian cotton from China, along with yarn, following a build-up in its trade war with the US. China has imposed 25 per cent duty on import of cotton from the US and is meeting its demand by sourcing more from India, in a repay in kind measure.
The sharp increase in yarn prices has brought back sentiment in the spinning sector in this ongoing lean season. Demand for cotton yarn is lacklustre for about five months starting from the summer vacation, as a rule.
A Rajkot-based yarn maker Ashok Patel, managing director, Angel Fibers, said that, "The surge in yarn prices is backed by a sudden spurt in demand from importing countries, including China and Bangladesh. Depreciation in the rupee has helped exporters contract more orders and execute past ones at better margins.â€
Because of a strong increase in demand from markets abroad, following rupee depreciation, cotton yarn prices have jumped a little over 10 per cent in two weeks.
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