Indian textile and apparel exports to US have risen nearly 7 per cent during January-August 2014, according to the US Department of Commerceâ€™s Office of Textiles and Apparel (OTEXA) data, compared with an average 2 per cent annual growth in the last five years.
The Centreâ€™s â€˜Make in Indiaâ€™ pitch seems to have already found resonance in the countryâ€™s textile and garment industry, with Indiaâ€™s exports to its largest single market, the US, headed for a record surge this year.
While a renewed buoyancy in textile and apparel exports is helped by a sharp improvement in raw material supplies, the strong performance by India this year is also a reflection of a combination of global factors â€” a steady improvement in demand as the American economy picks up, a progressive decline in Chinese exports to major markets such as the US, currency appreciation in Indonesia, labour unrest in Asian competitor Cambodia and safety concerns after a major factory fire in Bangladesh last year.
The growth in exports this year is being seen as significant as it happened despite the sharp strengthening of the Indian rupee since September 2013 (a stronger domestic currency results in a loss of competitiveness for exporters and vice versa).
While the steady pick in US demand is a major factor, larger domestic cotton supplies are also helping India push textile and apparel exports, Ajay Sardana, vice-president of Aditya Birla group firm Grasim said on the sidelines of a recent conference. India is projected to be the worldâ€™s top cotton grower this year, ahead of China for the first time in over three decades, according to a September 12 US Department of Agriculture forecast that has been corroborated by the Cotton Association of India.
While Virender Uppal, Chairman, Apparel Export Promotion Council, said that Indian exporters have leveraged their raw material strengths and followed sustained better compliance practices, which attracted the buyers and international brands across globe to source from India.
Another factor that has helped India alongside the continuing slowdown in Chinese supplies on account of surging labour costs was both Bangladesh and Cambodia have seen a contraction in exports to the US. Indonesia, another major exporter, too recorded a sharp contraction in the growth in export shipments to the US during this period, primarily on account of the Indonesian rupiahâ€™s appreciation since January 2014.
A mid-level exporter based in Gurgaon confirmed that orders from its US clients that include JC Penney, GAP and Pier 1 have surged over 10 percent for the winter 2014 season and his two units are executing those currently.
The improvement in Indiaâ€™s textile sector, primarily linked to the surge in shipments to the US, is visible in the domestic industrial output numbers. The IIP (index of industrial production) estimates for April showed a sharp 7 percent increase under the textiles head, coming in the wake of strong performances in both March and February.
Readymade garments played a significant role in Indiaâ€™s double-digit export growth in May, clocking a 25 percent increase (year-on-year).
The turnaround is significant as India has been steadily losing ground to Bangladesh, Vietnam and Indonesia in the US market for apparel and textile products.
While Chinaâ€™s hold over the US market has been loosening on account of increasing labour wages and power shortages, India, which was widely seen as being in the best position to capitalise on Chinaâ€™s lost market share, had been increasingly relegated to the position of a supplier of intermediate products to other successful garment exporting countries.
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