Vietnam, one of the biggest garment exporters in the world with $24 billion worth of exports in 2014 and to put out such big volume of goods the industry needs 6.5 billion meters of cloth more a year. In order to make out the volume of cloth, it will also need $6.5 billion worth of investment capital, 60 percent of which would be spent on machines, according Nguyen Van Tuan, deputy chair of the Vietnam Textile and Apparel Association (Vinatas).
This means that Vietnam would need $3.9 billion worth of machines for the textile and garment industry, but domestic mechanical engineering companies cannot satisfy demand.
Most of the textile and garment companies have replace manually cutting done by workers with cutting machines. In the past, the Saigon Garment & Trade Company (GMC) needed 50 workers for cloth cutting and spreading, because the work was done manually.
But since it began using cutting machines from Nhat Tin Technology JSC, productivity has improved significantly and the number of workers needed has been cut to eight. GMC managers believe they made the right decision to buy new cutting machines.
Other textile and garment companies also tend to spend more money on upgrading technologies. This is why Nhat Tinâ€™s sales of cloth spreading machine have increased by 300 percent compared with the same period last year, according to Nhat Tinâ€™s president Nguyen Tan Thanh.
However, domestically made products are still far from satisfying the demand from the textile and garment industry. At present, most machines used in the industry are imports.
European machines are the most expensive and the best ones for textile and garment companies. Mid-grade machines are from South Korea, Japan and Taiwan. Meanwhile, Chinese machines are the cheapest, and are the choices of most small- and medium-sized enterprises.
According to Nguyen Viet Thang, director of Viet Tin Technology JSC, 50 percent of machines and equipment being used in the textile and garment industry are from China.
Vietnamese businesses prefer Chinese machines not only because they are affordable, but also because Chinese suppliers can offer products of different types and at different price levels.
Japanese Tsudakoma Group, a textile machine manufacturer, have realized the high demand of textile machines in Vietnam market has been contacting many Vietnamese enterprises to discuss the supply of machines. Vietnam, together with China and India, are the largest markets for the Japanese group.
Many foreign textile machine manufacturers realizing the high demand for textile and garment machines in Vietnam are now trying to exploit the market.
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