Vietnam apparel industry to benefit from Trans Pacific Partership agreement (TPP) according to a research report by Standard Chartered Bank. A wave of foreign investment in Vietnamâ€™s textile industry has already begun, ahead of a potential TPP deal. On this basis, Vietnam likely to overtake Bangladesh in the global apparel export market share to become the second-biggest EM apparel supplier after China when its apparel exports swells to US$115 billion.
Based on StanChartâ€™s forecast, Vietnamâ€™s market share in apparel could rise to about 11 per cent from 4.0 per cent currently. A TPP agreement would also affect textile suppliers to the three economies.
Negotiations have yet to reach a conclusive level although it is targeted to be tied up in 2015, after two year-end misses.
The TPP free trade grouping consists of Vietnam, along with 11 others namely Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and the US.
According to StanChart researcher, TPP would be negative for Central American apparel manufacturers that are currently subject to â€œtriple transformationâ€ rules under NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) and CAFTA-DR ( Dominican Republic- Central America-United States Free
Trade Agreement) to access the US market.
Negotiations between the US and Vietnam are underway on the terms of the trade agreement on apparel.
The US is understood to favour â€œyarn forwardâ€ rules, which implies that all stages of production, starting with yarn spinning, must take place within a TPP country.
The push for â€œyarn forwardâ€ or strict Rules of Origin (ROO) requirements reflects the US governmentâ€™s desire to protect its domestic textile industry from increased competition from non-TPP textile manufacturing countries.
Vietnamâ€™s apparel industry has called for maximum flexibility via the â€œcut and sew ruleâ€ which would give apparel manufacturers the flexibility to source yarn and fabric from lower-cost destinations (including non-TPP countries), requiring only assembly of the final product to be done in the TPP country.
While the agreement with stringent ROO would not provide immediate gains for Vietnamâ€™s apparel manufacturers, benefits would gradually boost the domestic textile industry.
Flexible ROO requirements would likely result in gains for Korea and Japan, the primary suppliers of textiles to Vietnamâ€™s apparel industry. Whereas,
China and Hong Kong would likely see little impact, as they are big suppliers to all three countries (Vietnam, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka) and Asian suppliers such as India, Pakistan and Thailand, as well as some European countries, as they are preferred suppliers to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka would be likely losers.
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