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China cutting yarn imports, significantly reduces supply from India

YarnsandFibers News Bureau 2016-08-24 09:32:00 – Mumbai

China, the top importer of cotton yarn from India, has significantly reduced its sourcing in recent past. However, India continues to be the major supplier of cotton yarn for China. China has simultaneously reduced yarn imports from the World over the past one year. In July, India’s cotton yarn exports to China plunged 75% year on year, both in terms of shipment and value. During the month, shipment was just 17 million kgs valued at US$285 million as against 66 million kgs worth US$1,118 million last year. This significant drop is likely to impede Indian exports in coming months since China has now trained its eye on supply from Vietnam.

In 2016, China’s cotton yarn import dropped 30% year on year to 960 million kgs worth US$2,430 million. In similar comparison, import from India declined 49% to US$560 million for 231 million kgs. In June 2016, total imports were at 159 million kgs (US$400 million) as against 216 million kgs in July 2015 (US$593 million).

Comparatively, import from India was 34 million kgs (US$82 million) in June 2016 as against 62 million kgs (US$169 million). From Vietnam, yarn imports into China in June 2016 stood at 52 million kgs (US$133 million) as against 46 million kgs (US$130 million) in July 2015. Thus, imports from India fell and those from Vietnam rose, partially covering the reduction from India. However, yarns from Vietnam into China were the costliest among major suppliers including Pakistan.

Price-wise, Pakistan was the cheapest supplier of cotton yarn for China, followed by India and then by Vietnam. In June, average import price for cotton yarn from the World into China was US$2.51 per kg. The same from Pakistan was US$2.14 a kg, from India US$2.40 a kg and US$2.55 from Vietnam. In July 2015, the numbers were at US$2.75 a kg (Total), US$2.28 a kg (Pakistan), US$2.72 a kg (India) and US$2.83 a kg (Vietnam). Thus. It is apparent the although prices have dropped over the period, Vietnam prices continued to be remain the highest and Pakistan the lowest.

Bangladesh paying more for Indian yarns than China

India’s spun yarn exports in July 2016 plunged 36% in volume terms and 36% in value terms. Total shipments were at 81.3 million kg worth US$237 million or INR1,575 crore, implying average per unit realisation of US$2.91 per kg, which was up US cents 13 from previous month and unchanged as compared to July 2015.

Indian spinners were confronted with a fall of their margins and found it difficult to compete on the international market. China has significantly reduced cotton yarn import from India. Thus, Bangladesh became the largest importer of spun yarns from India in terms of value in July. Bangladesh imported spun yarns worth US$287 million at an average price realization at US$3.10 a kg while China imported at an average unit price of US$2.57 a kg during the month.

In July 2016, 83 countries imported spun yarn from India, with Bangladesh at the top accounting for 18%. of the total value with imports rising 24% YoY in terms of volume and 22% in value. China ranked second in July and accounted for around 18% of all spun yarn exported from India. Export to China plunged 75% in volumes and value. Peru was the third largest importer of spun yarns, which saw volume and value almost doubling YoY. These three top importers together accounted for around 42% of all spun yarns exported from India in July.

100% man-made fibre yarns export was at 6.75 million kg in July, comprising 2.70 million kg of polyester yarn, 3.08 million kg of viscose yarn and 0.78 million kg of acrylic yarn. Polyester yarn exports were up 6% in value while viscose yarn exports value surged 41% during the month. Acrylic yarn exports plunged 36% in July. Unit price realization was down US cents 12 a kg for polyester from a year ago and that of viscose yarn was up US cents 8 a kg. Acrylic yarn unit price realization was down US cents 6 a kg year on year basis.

Courtesy: YnFx – Fibre and yarn Exports - India

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