The “World Malaysia – Trends in Demand and Supply” is the Fourth compendium from YarnsandFibers presenting the demand and supply trends in manmade fiber industry. Manmade fibre/filament production in Malaysia has been impressive during the ATC period, particu-larly in polyester. During the ATC period 1995 to 2004, Malaysian polyester production has been im-pressive growing at 6% per annum in PFY and PSF. During the period, production capacity of polyester filament increased from 183,000 in 1997 tons to 320,000 tons in 2004, In this Report we have assesses the impact of the expiry of the MFA and ATC and the scenario post-WTO in global manmade fibre/filament industry and natural fibres, particularly cotton, and how each country prepared and positioned itself in the global market. The analysis assesses the positions of fibres/filaments industry and their producers and consumers as events unfolded. Like in case of MFA, the period under consideration is pre-1995, for ATC it is 1995 to 2004 and post-WTO it is 2005 to 2007. The purpose of this compendium is to serve as a basic information infrastructure for textile companies and to all those who are related to fibres and yarns industry. The compendium will also serve as a ready to use reference and the presentation help easy and quick consumption of the information. The Report is divided into two sections: Global View and Country View. It begins with summarising the events and the Principles Guiding World Trade. The first section covers World production of manmade and natural fibers for the period 1980 to 2007. This section covers time series on production of polyester - with its two streams the staple fibre and filament yarn, nylon – staple fibre and filament yarn, viscose – staple fibre and filament yarn and acrylic staple fibre. Among the natural fibres, the report covers production of cotton in detail and summarily wool and silk. The aggregation is done for each of fibre group namely manmade fibre – cellulosic and synthetic, and natural fibres. They are further aggregated into total fibres production. Also tabulations on capacity, production, export, import and apparent consumption volume, compound annual rate of growth (CARG) and percentage share in World total of respective fibre/filament in region/country. The second section is on Malaysia covering details on each fibre with a view of presenting major producers and consumers of individual fibre/yarn. Tabulation also includes volumes of capacity, production, export, import and apparent consumption, along with CARGs for the ATC and post-WTO periods and their respective positions in 1995 and 2005, the first year of ATC and post-WTO. The report will be useful at all levels of decision makers and particularly, handy for textile corporate and business planner. The data on manmade fibre and natural fibre is available in myriad of sources. We have collated the data from best and authentic sources after verifying the same with industry peers. In our endeavour to serve our clients, we shall release the next report in 2009 with updated data for 2008 and also incorporating projections over the period of next five years.
Malaysia produces close to 400,000 tons of manmade fibres/filament comprising just polyester and nylon. In global perspective, Malaysia accounts for about 1% of World’s manmade fibre production. In polyester mainly filament yarns, it has a share of 1.4%. The share of nylon is negligible at less than 1%. It is the ninth largest producer of polyester filament yarn. Almost all its polyester filament yarn is exported and it ranked fourth in global PFY trade in 2007. It was at distinct tenth position in export of polyester staple fibre. Of late, it has been retaining some portion of polyester filament for domestic consumption. Malaysia is not a major consumer of any textile fibre/filament. Manmade fibre/filament production in Malaysia has been impressive during the ATC period, particularly in polyester. During the ATC period 1995 to 2004, Malaysian polyester production has been impressive growing at 6% per annum in PFY and PSF. During the period, production capacity of polyester filament increased from 183,000 in 1997 tons to 320,000 tons in 2004, Domestic consumption has been poor in Malaysia since it is a net exporter of textile fibre/filaments. However, the first three years recorded 27% rise in nylon consumption and 6% increase per annum in polyester staple fibre consumption. It consumed 44,000 tons of PFY for the first time in several years.