World India Fiber Report 2008

The “World India – Trends in Demand andSupply” is the Fourth compendium from YarnsandFibers presenting the demand andsupply trends in manmade fiber industry. In this Report we have assesses the impactof the expiry of the MFA and ATC and the scenario post-WTO in global manmadefibre/filament industry and natural fibres, particularly cotton, and how eachcountry prepared and positioned itself in the global market. The analysisassesses the positions of fibres/filaments industry and their producers andconsumers as events unfolded. Like in case of MFA, the period underconsideration is pre-1995, for ATC it is 1995 to 2004 and post-WTO it is 2005to 2007. The purpose of this compendium is to serveas a basic information infrastructure for textile companies and to all thosewho are related to fibres and yarns industry. The compendium will also serve asa ready to use reference and the presentation help easy and quick consumptionof the information. The Report is divided into two sections: GlobalView and Country View. It begins with summarising the events andthe Principles Guiding World Trade. The first section covers World production ofmanmade and natural fibers for the period 1980 to 2007. This section coverstime series on production of polyester - with its two streams the staple fibreand filament yarn, nylon – staple fibre and filament yarn, viscose – staplefibre and filament yarn and acrylic staple fibre. Among the natural fibres, thereport covers production of cotton in detail and summarily wool and silk. Theaggregation is done for each of fibre group namely manmade fibre – cellulosicand synthetic, and natural fibres. They are further aggregated into totalfibres production. Also tabulations on capacity, production, export, import andapparent consumption volume, compound annual rate of growth (CARG) andpercentage share in World total of respective fibre/filament in region/country. The second section is on India coveringdetails on each fibre with a view of presenting major producers and consumersof individual fibre/yarn. Tabulation also includes volumes of capacity,production, export, import and apparent consumption, along with CARGs for theATC and post-WTO periods and their respective positions in 1995 and 2005, thefirst year of ATC and post-WTO. The report will be useful at all levels ofdecision makers and particularly, handy for textile corporate and business planner. The data on manmade fibre and natural fibreis available in myriad of sources. We have collated the data from best andauthentic sources after verifying the same with industry peers. In ourendeavour to serve our clients, we shall release the next report in 2009 withupdated data for 2008 and also incorporating projections over the period ofnext five years.
India is the second largest producer of polyester filament,polyester staple, viscose filament and cotton in the World only after China. Itis third largest producer of viscose filament and eighth largest acrylic staplefibre producer. Ranking in consumption, India is second polyester filament,viscose filament and cotton. Ranked third ranked in polyester staple fibre andviscose staple and fifth in acrylic staple. India is not a major player innylon. In global perspective, India accounts for 7% of World’s manmadefibre/filament output with production volume of 2.72 million tons. In case ofcotton, India produces 20% of global cotton. Thus, India is seen as a majorsupplier of cotton. During the ATC period (1995-2004), production of manmade fibresand yarns increased at a rate of 9% per annum. Polyester production, bothstaple fibre and filament yarn, grew at a whopping rate of 12-13% per annum.However, the growth slowed down in post-WTO period to 8% in overall and 10% incase of polyester. In case of acrylic staple fibre, India’s production growthduring 1995 to 2004 was 4% per annum, but has been declining since then. India is a major exporter of cotton and viscose filamentyarn, ranking second after China in VFY and after USA in cotton. It hasovertaken USA in cotton production in 2007, ranking second in the World. Itexported 1.5 million tons of cotton and 414,000 tons of manmade fibre including350,000 tons of polyester.

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