World China Fiber Report 2008

The “World China – Trends in Demand and Supply” is the Fourth compendium from YarnsandFibers presenting the demand and supply trends in manmade fiber industry. In this Report we have assesses the impact of the expiry of the MFA and ATC and the scenario post-WTO in global manmade fibre/filament industry and natural fibres, particularly cotton, and how each country prepared and positioned itself in the global market. The analysis assesses the positions of fibres/filaments industry and their producers and consumers as events unfolded. Like in case of MFA, the period under consideration is pre-1995, for ATC it is 1995 to 2004 and post-WTO it is 2005 to 2007. The purpose of this compendium is to serve as a basic information infrastructure for textile companies and to all those who are related to fibres and yarns industry. The compendium will also serve as a ready to use reference and the presentation help easy and quick consumption of the information. The Report is divided into two sections: Global View and Country View. It begins with summarising the events and the Principles Guiding World Trade. The first section covers World production of manmade and natural fibers for the period 1980 to 2007. This section covers time series on production of polyester - with its two streams the staple fibre and filament yarn, nylon – staple fibre and filament yarn, viscose – staple fibre and filament yarn and acrylic staple fibre. Among the natural fibres, the report covers production of cotton in detail and summarily wool and silk. The aggregation is done for each of fibre group namely manmade fibre – cellulosic and synthetic, and natural fibres. They are further aggregated into total fibres production. Also tabulations on capacity, production, export, import and apparent consumption volume, compound annual rate of growth (CARG) and percentage share in World total of respective fibre/filament in region/country. The second section is on China covering details on each fibre with a view of presenting major producers and consumers of individual fibre/yarn. Tabulation also includes volumes of capacity, production, export, import and apparent consumption, along with CARGs for the ATC and post-WTO periods and their respective positions in 1995 and 2005, the first year of ATC and post-WTO. The report will be useful at all levels of decision makers and particularly, handy for textile corporate and business planner. The data on manmade fibre and natural fibre is available in myriad of sources. We have collated the data from best and authentic sources after verifying the same with industry peers. In our endeavour to serve our clients, we shall release the next report in 2009 with updated data for 2008 and also incorporating projections over the period of next five years.
China is now the single largest producer and consumer of all fibre/filament used in textiles, thus making it a Global Textile Giant. IT ranks first export of polyester filament yarn, viscose filament yarn and viscose staple fibre. It is the second largest exporter of polyester staple fibre and third in nylon. In imports, China is the largest in case of acrylic staple fibre, nylon, and cotton. It is the second and third largest importer of polyester filament yarn and polyester staple fibre. In case of viscose filament and viscose staple, China is the fifth largest importer in the world. In 2007, China alone consumed 33 million tons of fibre/filament accounting for 50% of World’s textile fibres. Fiber consumption has recorded an annual rate of growth of 7% between 1990 and 1994, the pre-ATC period. During the ATC period (1995-2004) the rate of consumption accelerated to 11% and further to 13% in post-WTO. The latest period was dominated by cotton fibre. During the early 1990s, China accounted for 22% of global consumption which doubled to 46% in 2005, the first year of quota free trade. Like consumption, production too galloped in China. Manmade fibre production grew at an annual rate 18% between 1995 and 2004, accelerating further in post-WTO period to 19% per annum. Cotton production was erratic in the early 1990s, but the last three years have posted an increase of 7% per annum mainly on increased yield per unit of area. In 2007, it imported about 1.02 million tons of manmade fibres and 2.5 million tons of cotton, accounting for 12% of global trade in manmade fibres and 30% in cotton.

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