The “World Fibre & Pakistan – Trends in Demand and Supply” is the Fifth compendium from YarnsandFibers covering the trends in global demand and supply of textile fi-bre/filament industry.
In this Report we have assesses the impact of the Global Slowdown on textile fi-bre/filament industry including natural fibres, particularly cotton, and how each country performed in this scenario. The analysis assesses the positions of fibres/filaments industry as events unfolded. The evolution of Global Slowdown and its spread across the world has been critically documented in perspective of textile industry. The demand crunch began in mid-2008 and continued into 2009. Also documented are the ap-proaches of developed countries and the stimulus packages announced by various gov-ernments.
Pakistan was the fourth largest fibre/filament producers in the world in 2008, by virtue of it being a major cotton grower. It produced about 8% of global cotton and 1.4% of manmade fibre/filament during the year. It was the fourth largest producers of cotton and sixth largest in case of polyester staple fibre. Area under cotton in Pakistan accounts for 9% of world’s cotton acreage. During 2008, it produced a total of 2.50 million tons of fibres/filaments including 1.96 million tons of cotton and 540,000 tons of manmade fibres. During the year, it was the third largest consumer of fibre/filament with total at 3.28 million tons, following China and India.
In 2008, it consumed 2.50 million tons of cotton accounting for 10.3% of global con-sumption and 772,000 tons of manmade fibre/filament. It was the fourth largest con-sumer of polyester staple fibre, sixth largest viscose filament and ninth in viscose staple fibre consumption in the world. Manmade fibre/filament production in Pakistan was impressive during the 1990s posting an annual growth rate of 21.4%. However, the growth lulled to 1.2% per annum during the period 2000-2007 and in 2008 production declined 1.1%. While nylon and polyester managed to remain in positive territory that of acrylic staple and polyester filament yarn declined sharply. Cotton acreage was down 3.3% but higher yield rate (output per hectare) saw production rise 1.1%.