consumed 37% of World textile Fibres in 2004 becoming the
top consumer of manmade Fibre/yarn and cotton in the World.
It produced 32% of global Fibres in that year. China accounts
for 55% of total polyester production in the World, 41% of
viscose, 31% of cotton, 25% of acrylic and 17% of nylon. During
the period 2000 to 2004, it appetite to consume manmade Fibre
was roaring at a rate of 17% per annum a bit faster than the
15% increase clocked in the 1990s.
The other major consumers of manmade Fibre were USA, West
Europe, India and Taiwan who together consumed 27% of World’s
Fibre production. Taiwan was the second largest producer
and a major exporter of manmade Fibre in 2004. During the
year, its exports accounted for 43% of domestic production.
India has become a net exporter of manmade Fibre in 2004.
Among the 11 countries under the study, China, USA, West
Europe and Pakistan were net importers of manmade Fibre
while, Taiwan, Korea, Thailand, Japan, Indonesia, Malaysia
and India were net exporters.
China, USA, India, Pakistan and Brazil were major producers
of cotton in 2004. They together accounted for 74% of global
production. The major importers of cotton were China, Turkey
and Pakistan in 2004 while USA, Uzbekistan and Australia
were major cotton exporters.
The “World Fibre – Trends in Demand and Supply”
is the first compendium from YarnsandFibres presenting the
demand and supply trends in manmade Fibre industry. The compilation
covers all major Fibre producing countries accounting for
87% of global production and 81% in consumption. Time series
on trends from 1990 to 2004 on production, imports, exports
and apparent consumption is presented country-wise for 11
countries including all major Asian countries, USA and West
This attempts to place in perspective, the trends witnessed
in manmade Fibres since 1990 with regards to production,
consumption and trade. The presentation is made through
descriptive analysis of the trends and changes in Fibre
industry with detailed tabulation in various permutation
and combinations and graphical presentation. The purpose
of this compendium is to serve as a basic information infrastructure
for textile companies and to all those who are related to
Fibres and yarns industry. The compendium will also serve
as a ready to use reference and the presentation help easy
and quick consumption of the information.
The Report is divided into three sections: Global View,
Fibre View and Producer / Consumer View.
The first section covers World production of manmade and
natural Fibres for the period 1980 to 2004. This section
covers time series on production of polyester - with its
two streams the staple Fibre and filament yarn, nylon –
staple Fibre and filament yarn, viscose – staple Fibre
and filament yarn and acrylic staple Fibre. Among the natural
Fibres, the report covers production of cotton, wool and
silk. The aggregation is done for each of Fibre group namely
manmade Fibre – cellulosic and synthetic, and natural
Fibres. They are further aggregated into total Fibres production.
Also tabulations on year-on-year percentages changes and
each Fibre/yarn’s share in respective segment are
The second section covers details on each Fibre with a
view of presenting major producers and consumers of individual
Fibre/yarn. Here, it covers production, demand and trade
(imports and exports) of each Fibre/yarn distributed by
countries. The countries are China, Taiwan, Korea, India,
Japan, Indonesia, Thailand, Pakistan, Malaysia, USA and
West Europe. Tabulation also includes year-on-year percentage
changes of each indicator, each countries’ share in
The third section is the Producer/Consumer view containing
profile of each country by the Fibre or yarn they produce
trade and consume. This covers time series on production,
import, export and consumption for the period 1990 to 2004.
An analytical view covers tabulations on year-on-year percentage
changes in all the indicators, the Fibre/yarn’s export
intensity in terms of domestic production and the country’s
dependence on import in relation with its domestic consumption.
The report will be useful at all levels of decision makers
and particularly, handy for textile corporate and business
The data on manmade Fibre and natural Fibre is available
in myriad of sources. We have collated the data from best
and authentic sources after verifying the same with industry
peers. In our endeavor to serve our clients, we shall release
the next report in 2006 with updated data for 2005 and also
incorporating projection over the period of next five years.